ⓘ ប៉ែន សុវណ្ណ


ⓘ ប៉ែន សុវណ្ណ

ប៉ែន-សុវណ្ណ គឺជាអតីតនាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រីទីមួយ នៃរបបសាធារណរដ្ឋប្រជាមានិតកម្ពុជាដែលបង្កើតឡើងដោយក្រុងហាណូយ។ លោកបានបម្រើការចាប់ពី ថ្ងៃ ២៧ មិថុនា ១៩៨១ រហូតដល់ថ្ងៃ ៥ ធ្នូ ១៩៨១។ ហើយលោកធ្លាប់ជាលេខានៃបក្សបដិវត្តន៍ប្រជាជនកម្ពុជា ចាប់ពីឆ្នាំ១៩៧៩ ដល់ ថ្ងៃ ៥ ធ្នូ ១៩៨១។ បបបកគឺដើមឡើយជាបក្សម៉ាក្ស-លេនីននិយម។ ក្បត់យួន


1. ជីវប្រវត្តិ

Pen Sovan was born into an ethnic Vietnamese family in Takeo. He first joined the Khmer Issarak at the age of 13 in 1949 and fought against the French. Two years later, Sovan joined the Indochinese Communist Party where he first met Ta Mok. Sovan supported the Khmer Rouge during the 1970-1973 civil war against the Khmer Republic and he worked along with Chan Si under Khieu Thirith, in charge of the Voice of the United National Front of Kampuchea. From 1973 to 1979, Sovan lived in exile in Hanoi.

Sovan was a founding leader of Kampuchean United Front for National Salvation KUFNS or FUNSK on November 25, 1978. He served as Secretary-General of the Kampuchean Peoples Revolutionary Party from January 5, 1979 to 1 December 1981, when he was replaced by Heng Samrin following his removal from office by the Vietnamese.

Sovan was arrested on December 2, 1981 for irritating Le Duc Tho, chief Vietnamese advisor to the Kampuchean United Front for National Salvation FUNSK and the Peoples Republic of Kampuchea PRK. He was released from Vietnams prison on January 25, 1992, after he served over 10 years. Sovan explained his long ordeal in prison: "When I wanted to create our own army of five regiments, the Vietnamese didnt agree and Le Duc Tho went to the USSR to complain."


2. Bibliography

  • Scalapino, Robert A.; Wanadi, Jusuf; Economic, political, and security issues in Southeast Asia in the 1980s, Institute of East Asian Studies, University of California, 1982, ISBN 0912966521